ON THIS DAY in 1938, Orson Welles’ Mercury Theater radio company performed H.G. Wells’ The War of the Worlds, causing widespread panic among the general public. In 1957, Welles’ broadcast and the ensuing events were recreated for the 1957 Westinghouse Studio One show titled THE NIGHT AMERICA TREMBLED.
ON THIS DAY in 1881, the gunfight at the O.K. Corral took place in Tombstone, Arizona Territory. The event was dramatized in the 1957 John Sturges film, GUNFIGHT AT THE O.K. CORRAL, starring Kirk Douglas and Burt Lancaster.
ON THIS DAY in 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first artificial Earth satellite, Sputnik, into a low orbit around the Earth. This event was dramatized in the 1999 film, OCTOBER SKY, starring Jake Gyllenhaal, Chris Cooper, and Laura Dern.
ON THIS DAY in 1957, François “Papa Doc” Duvalier was elected president of Haiti on a populist and Black Nationalist platform. THE COMEDIANS, a 1967 film starring Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton, and based on a Graham Greene novel, was set in Haiti during the Duvalier regime.